Broccoli is a green vegetable that belongs to the cabbage family. It has a large flowering head, a stalk, and small, associated leaves. It is classified in the Italia cultivar group of the species Brassica oleracea. It has a slightly acid flavor. It is also a good source of vitamin C and is a healthy choice for your daily diet. Read on to learn more about broccoli and what to look for when buying it.
The nutritional value of broccoli is enormous. It is high in antioxidants, which can inhibit free radical damage and have a health-protective effect. Broccoli contains glucoraphanin, a compound that can be converted into the more potent antioxidant sulforaphane during digestion. The latter can provide multiple health benefits. It may help lower blood sugar levels, reduce inflammation, and fight oxidative stress. Likewise, the nutrient-rich vegetables in broccoli contain lutein and zeaxanthin, which can prevent cellular damage in the eye.
The cruciferous vegetable broccoli is best grown in a cool climate. The plant germinates at a temperature of 40-95degF and matures in 75-140 days. It is easy to grow broccoli, either by direct seeding or transplanting. The most optimal growing temperature for broccoli is between 60-65 degrees. It can be planted directly or by transplanting. To grow broccoli, you can start it in a greenhouse or hotbed. Otherwise, you can plant the seeds directly in the garden. It is recommended that you choose a well-draining soil, pH 6.0-6.5, and not too acidic.